ล้านนา-เชียงใหม่ : ส่งบรรณาการไปจีน สมัยราชวงศ์หยวนและราชวงศ์หมิง

ศ.อรุณรัตน์ วิเชียรเขียว
ภาคีสมาชิก

ดินแดนล้านนา-เชียงใหม่ เอกสาร จีนเรียกว่า “ปาไป่สีฟู” ปรากฏใน “จดหมายเหตุประจำรัชกาล” ของจักรพรรดิจีนตั้งแต่สมัยราชวงศ์หยวน  เรียกว่า “หยวนสื่อ” และเอกสารสมัยราชวงศ์หมิง หรือ “จดหมายเหตุประจำรัชกาล” เรียกว่า “หมิงสื่อ”   อาลักษณ์ของราชสำนักจีนบันทึกพระราชกรณียกิจต่าง ๆ ของจักรพรรดิทุกวัน  พร้อมกับลงวันที่  เดือน และปีศักราช  จดหมายเหตุประจำรัชกาลของจีนจึงเป็นเอกสารหรือหลักฐานทางสำคัญประวัติศาสตร์  จดหมายเหตุฯได้บันทึกถึงความสัมพันธ์ระหว่างล้านนากับราชสำนักจีน ตั้งแต่สมัยจักรพรรดิคุบไลข่าน  ผู้สถาปนาราชวงศ์หยวนว่า เจ้าเมืองล้านนาซึ่งมีเมืองเชียงใหม่เป็นศูนย์กลางการปกครอง  และเชียงใหม่มีฐานะเป็นรัฐบรรณาการของจีน  เจ้าเมืองเชียงใหม่ได้ส่งบรรณณาการ ไปถวายจักรพรรดิจีนสมัยราชวงศ์หยวนและราชวงศ์หมิงหลายครั้ง และได้ยุติการส่งเครื่องราชบรรณาการภายหลังจากล้านนาเสียเอกราชและตกเป็นเมืองขึ้นของพม่า พ.ศ. ๒๑๐๑

Academy of Moral and Political Sciences

สำนักวิทยาศาสตร์ ราชบัณฑิตยสภา

View all posts by Academy of Moral and Political Sciences →

644 thoughts on “ล้านนา-เชียงใหม่ : ส่งบรรณาการไปจีน สมัยราชวงศ์หยวนและราชวงศ์หมิง

  1. 440007 96428Hi there, just became aware of your weblog through Google, and identified that it is truly informative. Ill be grateful should you continue this in future. Lots of people will benefit from your writing. Cheers! 632294

  2. FRESHCC.RU – Every Day our hacker group Will update the store with Fresh Cards,Dump, Paypal verified balance, Accounts store ( ebay,amazon,Bank login,fullz info dob ssn…)

  3. You are so cool! I don’t think I have read a single thing like that before. So wonderful to find someone with some unique thoughts on this issue. Seriously.. many thanks for starting this up. This website is one thing that is required on the internet, someone with some originality.

  4. Hello there! This article couldn’t be written any better! Going through this article reminds me of my previous roommate! He continually kept preaching about this. I am going to forward this information to him. Pretty sure he will have a great read. Thank you for sharing!

  5. Howdy! This post could not be written any better! Going through this article reminds me of my previous roommate! He continually kept preaching about this. I most certainly will send this post to him. Pretty sure he will have a great read. Thanks for sharing!

  6. Aw, this was an incredibly good post. Spending some time and actual effort to create a great article… but what can I say… I hesitate a lot and never manage to get anything done.

  7. This website was… how do you say it? Relevant!! Finally I’ve found something that helped me. Cheers!

  8. Spot on with this write-up, I truly believe that this web site needs a great deal more attention. I’ll probably be returning to see more, thanks for the advice.

  9. Nice post. I learn something totally new and challenging on sites I stumbleupon on a daily basis. It will always be useful to read content from other authors and practice something from their websites.

  10. After looking over a number of the blog articles on your blog, I truly like your technique of blogging. I bookmarked it to my bookmark website list and will be checking back in the near future. Take a look at my web site too and tell me your opinion.

  11. Howdy! I could have sworn I’ve been to this site before but after reading through some of the post I realized it’s new to me. Anyhow, I’m definitely delighted I found it and I’ll be book-marking and checking back often!

  12. Oh my goodness! Awesome article dude! Thank you, However I am going through difficulties with your RSS. I don’t know the reason why I am unable to join it. Is there anybody else getting identical RSS issues? Anyone that knows the answer can you kindly respond? Thanx.

  13. Your style is really unique compared to other folks I have read stuff from. Thank you for posting when you’ve got the opportunity, Guess I’ll just bookmark this web site.

  14. I’m very pleased to find this website. I need to to thank you for your time just for this wonderful read!! I definitely liked every little bit of it and I have you book-marked to look at new things on your web site.

  15. Thanks for some other excellent post. The place else could anyone get that type of info in such a perfect way of writing? I have a presentation subsequent week, and I’m on the search for such info.

  16. I really like reading through an article that will make men and women think. Also, many thanks for allowing for me to comment.

  17. An outstanding share! I have just forwarded this onto a friend who had been doing a little research on this. And he actually bought me dinner simply because I discovered it for him… lol. So let me reword this…. Thank YOU for the meal!! But yeah, thanks for spending some time to discuss this subject here on your website.

  18. Good day! I could have sworn I’ve visited your blog before but after going through many of the articles I realized it’s new to me. Nonetheless, I’m certainly happy I came across it and I’ll be bookmarking it and checking back regularly.

  19. After looking over a handful of the blog posts on your web site, I really like your way of blogging. I added it to my bookmark webpage list and will be checking back soon. Take a look at my website too and tell me your opinion.

  20. Greetings! Very useful advice within this article! It is the little changes that will make the biggest changes. Thanks a lot for sharing!

  21. Pingback: madridbet
  22. Pingback: meritroyalbet
  23. Howdy! This article could not be written any better! Reading through this post reminds me of my previous roommate! He constantly kept preaching about this. I am going to send this article to him. Pretty sure he’s going to have a great read. Thank you for sharing!

  24. Hi, I do believe this is a great website. I stumbledupon it 😉 I will revisit yet again since I book marked it. Money and freedom is the greatest way to change, may you be rich and continue to help other people.

  25. Good post. I learn something new and challenging on blogs I stumbleupon everyday. It’s always helpful to read content from other writers and practice a little something from their web sites.

  26. Pingback: meritroyalbet
  27. Pingback: eurocasino
  28. Hi, I do think this is a great blog. I stumbledupon it 😉 I may come back yet again since I bookmarked it. Money and freedom is the greatest way to change, may you be rich and continue to help others.

  29. This is a very good tip especially to those new to the blogosphere. Simple but very precise information… Many thanks for sharing this one. A must read post!

  30. Aw, this was a very good post. Taking the time and actual effort to produce a very good article… but what can I say… I procrastinate a whole lot and don’t manage to get anything done.

  31. Oh my goodness! Amazing article dude! Thank you, However I am encountering problems with your RSS. I don’t know the reason why I cannot join it. Is there anyone else having similar RSS problems? Anybody who knows the solution will you kindly respond? Thanx.

  32. Everything is very open with a very clear explanation of the issues. It was definitely informative. Your website is very useful. Many thanks for sharing.

  33. Your style is so unique in comparison to other people I have read stuff from. Many thanks for posting when you have the opportunity, Guess I’ll just bookmark this site.

  34. I’d like to thank you for the efforts you’ve put in penning this website. I am hoping to see the same high-grade blog posts by you later on as well. In fact, your creative writing abilities has encouraged me to get my own, personal blog now 😉

  35. Pingback: meritroyalbet
  36. May I just say what a comfort to discover somebody that genuinely understands what they are talking about on the internet. You certainly understand how to bring an issue to light and make it important. More people have to read this and understand this side of the story. I was surprised you’re not more popular given that you definitely have the gift.

  37. After I initially commented I appear to have clicked on the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and from now on every time a comment is added I recieve four emails with the exact same comment. There has to be a way you are able to remove me from that service? Kudos.

  38. May I simply just say what a comfort to discover somebody that genuinely understands what they are talking about on the net. You definitely realize how to bring a problem to light and make it important. A lot more people really need to look at this and understand this side of the story. I was surprised you are not more popular since you certainly possess the gift.

  39. I absolutely love your website.. Great colors & theme. Did you build this web site yourself? Please reply back as I’m attempting to create my very own website and would love to learn where you got this from or just what the theme is named. Kudos!

  40. Your style is really unique in comparison to other folks I’ve read stuff from. Thanks for posting when you’ve got the opportunity, Guess I’ll just book mark this blog.

  41. Hello! I could have sworn I’ve visited this blog before but after browsing through many of the posts I realized it’s new to me. Anyways, I’m definitely delighted I came across it and I’ll be book-marking it and checking back regularly.

  42. After I initially left a comment I seem to have clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and from now on whenever a comment is added I receive four emails with the exact same comment. There has to be a means you can remove me from that service? Thanks a lot.

  43. After looking into a number of the blog posts on your site, I honestly like your way of writing a blog. I saved as a favorite it to my bookmark site list and will be checking back in the near future. Please check out my website as well and let me know what you think.

  44. I’m impressed, I must say. Rarely do I come across a blog that’s equally educative and entertaining, and let me tell you, you have hit the nail on the head. The issue is something that not enough folks are speaking intelligently about. Now i’m very happy I found this in my hunt for something relating to this.

  45. I blog often and I seriously thank you for your information. This article has truly peaked my interest. I’m going to book mark your site and keep checking for new information about once per week. I opted in for your Feed too.

  46. Can I simply just say what a relief to uncover a person that truly knows what they are discussing over the internet. You actually realize how to bring an issue to light and make it important. More people should look at this and understand this side of your story. It’s surprising you are not more popular since you surely have the gift.

  47. I blog quite often and I really thank you for your information. Your article has truly peaked my interest. I am going to take a note of your blog and keep checking for new information about once a week. I opted in for your Feed as well.

  48. Pingback: bahis siteleri
  49. Hi, I think your site might be having web browser compatibility problems. Whenever I look at your web site in Safari, it looks fine however, if opening in IE, it’s got some overlapping issues. I simply wanted to give you a quick heads up! Aside from that, great blog!

  50. Oh my goodness! Amazing article dude! Thank you, However I am experiencing troubles with your RSS. I don’t know the reason why I can’t subscribe to it. Is there anybody getting identical RSS problems? Anybody who knows the solution will you kindly respond? Thanks!

  51. I blog frequently and I seriously thank you for your information. This great article has really peaked my interest. I’m going to bookmark your website and keep checking for new details about once a week. I opted in for your RSS feed as well.

  52. I was more than happy to find this website. I wanted to thank you for ones time for this particularly wonderful read!! I definitely appreciated every part of it and I have you saved as a favorite to check out new stuff on your website.

  53. You’ve made some good points there. I looked on the web for more information about the issue and found most individuals will go along with your views on this web site.

  54. I blog frequently and I truly thank you for your information. The article has really peaked my interest. I will bookmark your website and keep checking for new information about once per week. I subscribed to your RSS feed as well.

  55. I was more than happy to find this web site. I need to to thank you for your time due to this fantastic read!! I definitely loved every part of it and i also have you book marked to see new things in your site.

  56. Good day! I could have sworn I’ve visited this website before but after looking at a few of the articles I realized it’s new to me. Regardless, I’m certainly delighted I discovered it and I’ll be bookmarking it and checking back often.

  57. You’re so interesting! I don’t suppose I’ve truly read through anything like that before. So great to find someone with some genuine thoughts on this issue. Really.. thanks for starting this up. This site is one thing that is required on the internet, someone with a bit of originality.

  58. I’m extremely pleased to find this page. I wanted to thank you for your time due to this wonderful read!! I definitely liked every part of it and i also have you saved to fav to look at new information on your site.

  59. I must thank you for the efforts you’ve put in writing this blog. I am hoping to view the same high-grade blog posts from you in the future as well. In fact, your creative writing abilities has inspired me to get my own, personal blog now 😉

  60. Pingback: 2logging
  61. This is the perfect webpage for everyone who really wants to find out about this topic. You understand so much its almost hard to argue with you (not that I actually will need to…HaHa). You definitely put a brand new spin on a topic which has been written about for years. Excellent stuff, just great.

  62. An outstanding share! I have just forwarded this onto a colleague who was doing a little research on this. And he in fact bought me breakfast simply because I found it for him… lol. So allow me to reword this…. Thank YOU for the meal!! But yeah, thanks for spending some time to talk about this topic here on your blog.

  63. Greetings! Very helpful advice within this article! It is the little changes that will make the greatest changes. Thanks for sharing!

  64. Hi, I do think this is a great web site. I stumbledupon it 😉 I am going to revisit yet again since I saved as a favorite it. Money and freedom is the best way to change, may you be rich and continue to guide others.

  65. After I originally left a comment I appear to have clicked on the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and from now on every time a comment is added I recieve four emails with the exact same comment. Perhaps there is a means you are able to remove me from that service? Cheers.

  66. I was more than happy to discover this page. I want to to thank you for ones time for this fantastic read!! I definitely savored every little bit of it and I have you book marked to see new things in your site.

  67. Pingback: meritking
  68. Fantastic items from you, man. I have remember your stuff prior to and you are simply too great. I really like what you’ve acquired right here, certainly like what you are saying and the way by which you are saying it. You’re making it entertaining and you continue to care for to stay it sensible. I can’t wait to read much more from you. This is actually a tremendous site.

  69. of course like your web site but you have to test the spelling
    on quite a few of your posts. Many of them are rife with spelling problems and I to find it very
    troublesome to inform the truth nevertheless I’ll certainly come back again.

  70. Spot on with this write-up, I absolutely believe this amazing site needs a great deal more attention. I’ll probably be returning to see more, thanks for the information!

  71. Having read this I believed it was rather enlightening. I appreciate you finding the time and energy to put this article together. I once again find myself personally spending way too much time both reading and posting comments. But so what, it was still worth it!

  72. After looking at a handful of the articles on your site, I honestly appreciate your way of writing a blog. I book-marked it to my bookmark webpage list and will be checking back soon. Please check out my website as well and let me know what you think.

  73. I blog frequently and I genuinely appreciate your content. Your article has really peaked my interest. I will take a note of your site and keep checking for new details about once per week. I subscribed to your RSS feed too.

  74. An intriguing discussion is worth comment. I do think that you ought to publish more about this issue, it might not be a taboo matter but generally people don’t speak about these subjects. To the next! Kind regards!

  75. Hi! I could have sworn I’ve been to your blog before but after browsing through a few of the articles I realized it’s new to me. Anyhow, I’m certainly happy I found it and I’ll be book-marking it and checking back frequently.

  76. Spot on with this write-up, I actually believe that this amazing site needs a lot more attention. I’ll probably be back again to read through more, thanks for the advice!

  77. Hi there! This blog post could not be written much better! Going through this post reminds me of my previous roommate! He continually kept talking about this. I am going to forward this post to him. Fairly certain he’s going to have a very good read. Many thanks for sharing!

  78. Having read this I thought it was extremely informative. I appreciate you spending some time and effort to put this short article together. I once again find myself personally spending a lot of time both reading and commenting. But so what, it was still worth it.

  79. I blog often and I truly appreciate your information. The article has really peaked my interest. I am going to book mark your website and keep checking for new information about once a week. I opted in for your Feed as well.

  80. Your style is very unique in comparison to other folks I have read stuff from. Many thanks for posting when you’ve got the opportunity, Guess I will just bookmark this web site.

  81. I need to to thank you for this good read!! I absolutely enjoyed every bit of it. I have you book marked to look at new things you post…

  82. Howdy! I could have sworn I’ve visited your blog before but after looking at many of the posts I realized it’s new to me. Regardless, I’m certainly pleased I stumbled upon it and I’ll be book-marking it and checking back regularly!

  83. Good post. I learn something new and challenging on blogs I stumbleupon every day. It’s always exciting to read content from other authors and use a little something from other web sites.

  84. Having read this I thought it was rather informative. I appreciate you finding the time and energy to put this short article together. I once again find myself spending way too much time both reading and leaving comments. But so what, it was still worth it.

  85. Nice post. I learn something totally new and challenging on sites I stumbleupon every day. It will always be useful to read through articles from other writers and practice a little something from their sites.

  86. Howdy! I just want to give you a big thumbs up for your excellent info you have right here on this post. I am coming back to your site for more soon.

  87. This is the right blog for anyone who wishes to find out about this topic. You understand so much its almost hard to argue with you (not that I personally would want to…HaHa). You certainly put a new spin on a topic that’s been discussed for ages. Great stuff, just great.

  88. Your style is so unique in comparison to other folks I’ve read stuff from. Many thanks for posting when you have the opportunity, Guess I’ll just book mark this blog.

  89. Right here is the right website for anybody who hopes to find out about this topic. You know a whole lot its almost hard to argue with you (not that I personally will need to…HaHa). You definitely put a fresh spin on a topic that has been written about for many years. Wonderful stuff, just excellent.

  90. Hi there! This article could not be written any better! Looking at this article reminds me of my previous roommate! He constantly kept talking about this. I most certainly will send this post to him. Fairly certain he’ll have a good read. Many thanks for sharing!

  91. Hello there! I could have sworn I’ve been to this website before but after going through many of the articles I realized it’s new to me. Anyways, I’m certainly happy I found it and I’ll be book-marking it and checking back frequently.

  92. Aw, this was a very nice post. Spending some time and actual effort to create a good article… but what can I say… I put things off a lot and never seem to get anything done.

  93. I blog frequently and I seriously appreciate your content. This great article has really peaked my interest. I will book mark your blog and keep checking for new details about once a week. I opted in for your Feed as well.

  94. I have to thank you for the efforts you’ve put in penning this website. I really hope to see the same high-grade blog posts from you later on as well. In fact, your creative writing abilities has encouraged me to get my very own blog now 😉

  95. When I initially left a comment I seem to have clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and now every time a comment is added I recieve four emails with the exact same comment. Is there an easy method you are able to remove me from that service? Many thanks.

  96. Oh my goodness! Amazing article dude! Many thanks, However I am having issues with your RSS. I don’t understand the reason why I am unable to join it. Is there anybody else getting the same RSS problems? Anyone who knows the solution can you kindly respond? Thanks!!

  97. Good post. I learn something totally new and challenging on websites I stumbleupon every day. It’s always interesting to read articles from other authors and use something from other web sites.

  98. I’m amazed, I must say. Seldom do I come across a blog that’s both equally educative and engaging, and without a doubt, you have hit the nail on the head. The problem is an issue that too few men and women are speaking intelligently about. Now i’m very happy that I came across this in my search for something concerning this.

  99. Pingback: A片
  100. Hi there! This post couldn’t be written much better! Looking through this post reminds me of my previous roommate! He constantly kept preaching about this. I will send this post to him. Pretty sure he’ll have a good read. Thank you for sharing!

  101. Hi there! This article could not be written any better! Going through this article reminds me of my previous roommate! He continually kept talking about this. I will send this information to him. Fairly certain he’ll have a very good read. I appreciate you for sharing!

  102. Wonderful post! We will be linking to this particularly great content on our site. Keep up the great writing.

  103. An outstanding share! I’ve just forwarded this onto a friend who was doing a little homework on this. And he in fact bought me breakfast because I found it for him… lol. So let me reword this…. Thanks for the meal!! But yeah, thanx for spending time to discuss this issue here on your web page.

  104. Hello there! I simply want to offer you a big thumbs up for the excellent info you’ve got right here on this post. I am returning to your web site for more soon.

  105. This is a really good tip particularly to those new to the blogosphere. Short but very precise information… Appreciate your sharing this one. A must read post!

  106. Howdy! This article couldn’t be written any better! Looking through this article reminds me of my previous roommate! He constantly kept preaching about this. I most certainly will send this post to him. Pretty sure he’s going to have a very good read. Thank you for sharing!

  107. Having read this I believed it was extremely informative. I appreciate you finding the time and energy to put this information together. I once again find myself personally spending a lot of time both reading and commenting. But so what, it was still worth it.

  108. 23 There was a substantial difference in the timing of intercourse between the treatment arms, with 53 of attempts in the on-demand arm and 29 of attempts in the routine dose arm occurring within 4 hours of dosing cheap cialis

  109. Hello there! I could have sworn I’ve been to this website before but after going through many of the articles I realized it’s new to me. Anyhow, I’m definitely happy I discovered it and I’ll be bookmarking it and checking back regularly!

  110. I’m pretty pleased to discover this great site. I wanted to thank you for ones time just for this wonderful read!! I definitely savored every little bit of it and i also have you book marked to check out new information on your website.

  111. The improvement with tadalafil and placebo found in patients with lifelong PE in our present study is possibly due to enhance erection, self-worth, and ejaculatory control even in men without ED; and by reducing anxiety and post-ejaculatory refractory time, as observed by the increases from baseline IELT and PEDT in these men priligy generico

  112. You’ve made some really good points there. I looked on the internet for more information about the issue and found most individuals will go along with your views on this web site.

  113. Spot on with this write-up, I seriously feel this website needs much more attention. I’ll probably be back again to read through more, thanks for the info.

  114. Limit 12 prescriptions per year with a minimum of 6 pills per prescription is required comprare cialis online Sometimes, companies may advertise an anti-oxidant medication rather than a drug which has been proven to treat erectile dysfunction

  115. Our Wholesale Price List offers 6- and 12 month fulfillments to save you time and money cialis online no prescription It s also important that you only upload pictures of yourself and your ID not someone else s and that you take those pictures during the online visit

  116. When I originally left a comment I appear to have clicked on the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and now whenever a comment is added I get four emails with the exact same comment. Perhaps there is a means you are able to remove me from that service? Thanks a lot.

  117. Having read this I believed it was very enlightening. I appreciate you finding the time and energy to put this short article together. I once again find myself spending way too much time both reading and posting comments. But so what, it was still worthwhile.

  118. Hello there! I could have sworn I’ve been to this site before but after looking at a few of the articles I realized it’s new to me. Nonetheless, I’m definitely delighted I discovered it and I’ll be book-marking it and checking back frequently!

  119. It’s really great. Thank you for providing a quality article. There is something you might be interested in. Do you know casinosite ? If you have more questions, please come to my site and check it out!

  120. You have made some good points there. I looked on the internet for more information about the issue and found most individuals will go along with your views on this site.

  121. An interesting discussion is worth comment. I think that you ought to write more on this subject, it may not be a taboo matter but usually people do not discuss these subjects. To the next! Kind regards.

  122. I seriously love your blog.. Great colors & theme. Did you build this site yourself? Please reply back as I’m looking to create my very own site and would love to find out where you got this from or just what the theme is called. Appreciate it!

  123. It also boosts collagen production in the skin, which is essential in the skin s healing process. doxycycline for chlamydia order online As you state here, my acne peaked at around 6 months after getting off pill, it s calming down on my overall face but I have white spots along my jaw line starting at the height of my ears which I never had before not even as a teenager when I had acne.

  124. It’s really great. Thank you for providing a quality article. There is something you might be interested in. Do you know majorsite ? If you have more questions, please come to my site and check it out!

  125. An impressive share! I have just forwarded this onto a co-worker who has been doing a little research on this. And he actually ordered me lunch simply because I discovered it for him… lol. So allow me to reword this…. Thanks for the meal!! But yeah, thanks for spending some time to discuss this subject here on your site.

  126. That is a very good tip particularly to those new to the blogosphere. Short but very accurate info… Thanks for sharing this one. A must read post.

  127. A motivating discussion is definitely worth comment. I believe that you ought to write more on this issue, it might not be a taboo matter but typically people do not speak about such issues. To the next! Cheers.

  128. I was looking for another article by chance and found your article majorsite I am writing on this topic, so I think it will help a lot. I leave my blog address below. Please visit once.

  129. Right here is the right web site for anyone who really wants to find out about this topic. You understand a whole lot its almost tough to argue with you (not that I actually will need to…HaHa). You definitely put a fresh spin on a topic that has been discussed for ages. Wonderful stuff, just wonderful.

  130. Your style is unique in comparison to other folks I have read stuff from. Many thanks for posting when you’ve got the opportunity, Guess I’ll just book mark this page.

  131. You’re so interesting! I do not think I have read through something like that before. So great to find somebody with genuine thoughts on this issue. Seriously.. many thanks for starting this up. This web site is one thing that is required on the internet, someone with a little originality.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.